Cycle Plenary | CORDEL
Report | Radiological
Protection | Law | Capacity
Optimization | Economics
of the International Fuel Cycle | Supply Chain | Transport
Management & Decommissioning | Sustainable
Used Fuel Management
The Working Groups are forums through which the enterprises of the
global nuclear industry share best practice, conduct analysis, and
develop consolidated positions on economic, safety and
environmental issues. Several Groups act as the interface for
industry at international policy-making organisations, such as the
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the International
Commission for Radiological Protection (ICRP) and the Nuclear
Energy Agency (NEA) of the OECD.
Each Group is chaired by an expert from WNA membership, and has a
mentor assigned to it from the WNA Board. Administrative and
technical support is provided by the WNA Secretariat.
Working Groups typically gather three times a year with meetings
taking place in January in London, in the spring around the World
Nuclear Fuel Cycle conference or at another location, and in
September around the WNA Symposium in London. Working Groups draw
on 500 participants.
In January 2015, to coincide with the 60th anniversary celebrations
of the Chinese nuclear industry, WNA will team up with the Chinese
Nuclear Society to hold Working Groups in Beijing.
WNA member representatives can view all Working Group reports,
documents, presentations and contact lists on the members
Chair: Emmanuelle Verger (EDF)
Staff Director: Serge Gorlin
The Plenary is WNA's largest members forum and focuses on
developments in nuclear fuel and trade. Sessions consist of formal
presentations and panel discussions, as well as reports from
interest groups in the areas of primary uranium supply, conversion,
enrichment, fuel fabrication, secondary supply and demand. To serve
as a practical means for keeping members informed about all WNA
activities in the fuel cycle area, the Plenary receives periodic
reports from relevant Working Groups.
Cooperation in Reactor
Design Evaluation and Licensing (CORDEL)
Chair: Gerry Head (GE-Hitachi)
Deputy Chairmen: Hae Ryong Hwang (KEPCO E&C)
and Xavier Pouget-Abadie (EDF)
Staff Directors: Barry Kaufer and Andrew
CORDEL's mission is to promote the standardisation of nuclear
reactor designs. This can be achieved only by the development of a
worldwide nuclear regulatory environment where internationally
accepted standardised reactor designs, certified and approved by a
recognised competent authority in the country of origin, can be
widely deployed without major design changes at the national level.
In practice, this would mean that generic design certification and
safety evaluations approved by a recognised competent authority in
the country of origin would be acceptable in other countries
without the need to duplicate or repeat the entire design
In 2013, CORDEL issued its Strategic Plan, which outlines the
general directions and activities CORDEL plans to undertake during
the next five-year period. Alongside general strategy, the report
includes CORDEL activities, priorities and interactions with
customers in order to meet its objectives.
The key tasks in 2014, to be undertaken by the various CORDEL Task
Forces and sub-groups, will be as follows:
• The Codes and Standards Task Force will issue reports on the
requirements for non-destructive evaluation (NDE) personnel
qualification and on mechanical design stress analysis including
elastic stress analysis rules, stress limits and non-linear
• The Design Change Management Task Force will update and reissue
its report on design change management. New reports on design
authority and owners groups will be developed.
• The Licensing and Permitting Task Force is planning an
international workshop with the Nuclear Law and Contracting Working
Group in which both industry and government/regulators can further
explore areas of harmonisation.
• The IAEA Nuclear Safety Standards and Probabilistic Safety Goals
Task Force will maintain oversight on the work being performed by
the IAEA Nuclear Safety Standards Committee (NUSSC) to ensure that
proper input related to industry concerns is provided. It will also
focus on the development of an integrated safety goal concept,
which is an essential element of integrated risk-informed decision
• The Digital Instrumentation & Control (I&C) Task Force,
created in 2013, is developing a report on safety classification.
Throughout 2014, it aims to establish an expanded membership within
CORDEL and with codes and standards organisations in order to meet
its strategic commitments.
• The Small Modular Reactors Ad-hoc Group is helping to establish a
path towards harmonised and regulated SMR deployment globally.
Initial efforts have been focused on developing a clear recognised
definition for SMR and an interactive roadmap for SMRs.
Co-Chairs: Hendrik de Baenst (Synatom); Pierre
Staff Director: Ian Emsley
Published since the 1970s, the biennial Global Nuclear Fuel Market
report compiles data from WNA member companies, national sources
and international agencies to produce an authoritative projection
of global supply and demand. The Group is broken down into
sub-groups, which focus on different areas of the fuel cycle. The
participation of experts from all areas of WNA membership (buyers,
producers, consultants) in its compilation gives the report its
Chair: Willie Harris (Exelon)
Deputy Chairman: Marcel Lips (Kernkraftwerk
Staff Director: Binika Shah
This Group aims to promote improvements in the international system
of radiological protection by developing and advocating
scientifically sound positions of policy and practice. The Group
has Special Liaison Organisation status with the International
Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), and has observer
status on the Radiation Safety Standards Committee (RASSC) of the
2013 highlights include:
• Establishing a project to review the available scientific
evidence surrounding the contribution of radiation to
cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, as well as to lens of
the eye effects. The debate on this topic has the potential to lead
to significant changes to the international system of protection
with new dose limits already being incorporated into the IAEA Basic
Safety Standards. The project, running over two years, should equip
the nuclear industry with an informed and credible voice over how
to incorporate such effects into the international system of
• The Group supported the first ever address by a WNA Director
General to the ICRP Main Commission in Abu Dhabi. It also fielded
an expert speaker in the non-cancer effects technical session at
the accompanying ICRP Symposium.
• Members of the Group participated in an IAEA Technical Meeting on
Protection of the Environment where they advocated a simple,
scientifically sound and coherent system which is in proportion to
the risks involved.
As well as publishing a report on its non-cancer effects research,
the Group in 2014 plans to:
• Gather industry views on the ICRP Task Group 84 report Initial
Lessons Learned from the Nuclear Power Plant Accident in Japan
vis-à-vis the ICRP System of Radiological Protection.
• Continue to monitor and coordinate industry participation in the
work of international organisations on radiological protection of
the environment such as IAEA, ICRP and OSPAR.
• Continue the work started by the Uranium Mining Standardisation
Working Group's Radon Task Group to monitor scientific and policy
developments arising from the ICRP on protection against radon
Chair: Angela Thornhill (GE-Hitachi)
Staff Director: Virginie
This Group was established with a mandate to raise awareness among
WNA membership on the legal issues facing the nuclear industry. It
also liaises with other WNA Working Groups to assist when necessary
on ways to respond to specific legal challenges.
The Group also focuses on increasing interaction between other WNA
Working Groups with common work areas or objectives, such as CORDEL
and Supply Chain.
In 2014, the Group plans to:
• Participate in the organisation of a follow-up workshop on
licensing and permitting.
• Provide assistance to the CORDEL SMR Task Force on legal issues
surrounding the development of small modular reactors.
• Provide support to the Supply Chain Working Group initiative(s)
on export control regimes.
• Start developing a library of nuclear-related cases accessible to
Chair: Mike Baron (Global Nuclear
Staff Director: David Hess
This Group identifies means by which nuclear power plant operators
worldwide can improve the performance of their plants. The Group
focuses on areas relevant to plant economics such as availability,
reliability, flexibility and capacity.
Highlights for 2014 include:
• Publication of the third edition of the Group's Optimized
• Group members will participate in an IAEA Task Force contributing
to IAEA TecDoc 1383, Guidance for Optimizing Nuclear Power Plant
Maintenance Programmes, due for publication in December 2014.
• The Group will host an IAEA technical meeting, Maintenance
Optimization to Improve Nuclear Power Plant Performance, around the
WNA Symposium in September.
Chair: Milton Caplan (MZ Consulting)
Staff Director:Greg Kaser and Ian Emsley
This Group's primary focus is on developing a better
understanding of the capital costs of new nuclear plants and
comparing projections showing the potential role of nuclear power
in the 21st century.
In 2014, the Group will focus on:
• Collecting and discussing new data demonstrating the strong
economics of existing nuclear power plants and the arguments for
continuing to operate them.
• Contributing to the debate on state aid and nuclear power, in
particular to submitting comments to the EU investigation into UK
government support for Hinkley Point C.
• Monitoring localisation activities and documenting the
relationship between localisation and nuclear overnight costs.
• Contributing to surveys of nuclear costs, in particular the
forthcoming IEA/NEA publications: Technology Roadmap - Nuclear
Energy to 2050, World Energy Outlook 2014 special chapter on
nuclear, and Projected Costs of Generating Electricity 2014.
• Examining heavily renewables-dependent energy strategies to
highlight their fundamental economic weaknesses and adverse effects
Security of the
International Fuel Cycle
Chair: Pat Upson (Consultant)
The original mission of this Group, set up in 2005, was to produce
a report on the evolving policy debate surrounding sensitive fuel
cycle technologies, with particular reference to the IAEA
initiative on Multilateral Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle.
The report was revised in 2011. The Group's mission was extended in
2013 to include security in the wider sense.
As of 2013, the Group has represented WNA on the IAEA's Nuclear
Security Guidance Committee (NSGC) as an observer. NSGC's role is
to review and approve draft IAEA guidelines relating to
In 2014, the Group will conduct a survey throughout the WNA
membership on security policy and governance. This will give a
baseline for analysis of the current status of security in the
industry. The Group will also be formulating industry approved
messages for the WNA Chairman to communicate at the Nuclear
Industry Summit taking place in March in the Netherlands alongside
Nuclear Security Summit. The Group will continue to promote the
industry views on the importance of a robust fuel supply market as
a contributor to non-proliferation.
Chair: Juan Molina (Westinghouse)
Staff Director: Greg Kaser
As nuclear power spreads around the world, economic factors and
initiatives for localising production are driving the
internationalisation of the supply chain. The industry faces common
challenges in understanding and meeting national technical
regulations, in achieving vendor and product qualification and
quality assurance certification, in monitoring and identifying
market trends, and in communicating with stakeholders on industrial
developments. The role of the Group is to support WNA members in
these tasks with a view to ensuring timely and efficient
The remit of the Group encompasses the sharing of general
information and best practice and addressing the common issues in
the manufacture of components and systems and associated services
to facilitate safe, timely and cost-efficient construction and
refurbishment of nuclear power plants.
In 2013, the Group established a Task Force on Vendor Oversight and
Control of Suppliers (VOCS) to develop a concept for an
industry-wide approach to strengthening capability along the supply
chain that enhances safety and offers a common approach to quality
control. It also undertook a survey of WNA member organisations
experienced in complying with export controls.
In September 2014 the Group will publish its biennial Market Report
consolidating key data and information on the nuclear supply
Chair: Francisco Tarin (ENUSA)
Staff Director: Serge Gorlin
This Group acts as a forum for communicating industry
developments and best practice, as well as for identifying and
resolving issues relating to the shipment of radioactive materials.
The Group's main focus is commercial issues affecting the transport
of front-end nuclear materials.
The Group is represented on the IAEA's Transport Safety
Standards Committee (TRANSSC) and works closely with relevant
organisations working in the transport domain, such as the World
Nuclear Transport Institute.
In 2013, this Group's Staff Director, Serge Gorlin, chaired the
eighth and final meeting of the International Steering Committee on
Denials of Shipment (ISC-DOS), hosted by the IAEA. In its report,
the ISC-DOS recommended maintaining a streamlined set of activities
to combat denials. The report has since been accepted by the IAEA
Director General's office, demonstrating an ongoing commitment by
the IAEA to resolving this issue.
The Group organised a one-and-a-half-day Class 7 transport workshop
in Singapore around the WNFC conference in 2013. The workshop was
attended by the Singaporean competent authority as well as port
authorities, shipping companies and other regulators in the region.
The workshop included a visit to Singapore port, an essential hub
for the transit of fuel cycle material - notably that destined for
China or India.
In 2014, the Group will conduct a survey of the WNA membership to
help identify major issues in the global shipment of radioactive
material. The results of the survey will be used to help target
training activities, notably that led by the IAEA.
Waste Management and
Staff Director:Binika Shah
This Group monitors developments and shapes industry positions with
a view to improving the system of waste management and
decommissioning. It promotes the appropriate re-use and recycling
of material - and safe disposal of wastes - from nuclear sites. It
also represents industry interests on the IAEA Waste Safety
Standards Committee (WASSC).
The Group has produced two WNA Position Statements: Safe Management
of Nuclear Waste and Used Nuclear Fuel and Safe Decommissioning of
Nuclear Industry Sites. More recently, it has produced the WNA
Statement Towards Greater Efficiency in the Management of Low-Level
Radioactive Material that Concurrently Supports Reuse, Recycling
At its meetings in 2014, the Group will continue to facilitate
exchange between those companies with experience of decommissioning
and those new to the field or planning for the future. It will
further share practical lessons learned on the optimal radiological
protection of workers during nuclear power station decommissioning,
and during the transition period following cessation of generation.
In April the Group will make a presentation on behalf of WNA at the
Recycling of Metals Arising from Operation and Decommissioning of
Nuclear Facilities conference hosted by Studsvik.
Fuel Management Group
Chair: Henri Zaccai, AREVA
Staff Director: Isis Stafford
This new Group aims to gather the views of the nuclear industry and
stakeholders on current and best practice in sustainable used fuel
management, and to produce guidelines for the industry to use in
In 2013, the Group established three task forces: to assess the
different options for sustainable used fuel management (on the
basis of a survey); to establish an effective and mutually
beneficial relationship with the IAEA; and to look into methods and
fulfilling the Group's role in communications with different