Plans For New Reactors Worldwide

(Updated February 2024)

  • About 60 reactors are under construction across the world. A further 110 are planned.
  • Most reactors under construction or planned are in Asia.
  • New plants coming online in recent years have largely been balanced by old plants being retired. Over the past 20 years, 107 reactors were retired as 100 started operation.

Today there are about 440 nuclear power reactors operating in 32 countries plus Taiwan, with a combined capacity of about 390 GWe. In 2022 these provided 2545 TWh, about 10% of the world's electricity.

Many countries with existing nuclear power programmes either have plans to, or are building, new power reactors. Every country worldwide that has operating nuclear power plants, or plants under construction, has a dedicated country profile in the Information Library.

About 30 countries are considering, planning or starting nuclear power programmes. For more information see page on Emerging Nuclear Energy Countries.

Nuclear reactors under construction

About 60 power reactors are currently being constructed in 17 countries.

Start †   Reactor Model Gross MWe
2024 Bangladesh Rooppur 1 VVER-1200 1200
2024 Bangladesh Rooppur 2 VVER-1200 1200
2024 China, CGN Fangchenggang 4 Hualong One 1180
2024 China, CNNC Xiapu 1 CFR600 600
2024 China, Guodian & CNNC Zhangzhou 1 Hualong One 1212
2024 China, SPIC & Huaneng Shidaowan 1 CAP1400 1500
2024 France, EDF Flamanville 3 EPR 1650
2024 India, NPCIL Kakrapar 4 PHWR-700 700
2024 India, NPCIL Kalpakkam PFBR FBR 500
2024 Korea, KHNP Saeul 3 APR1400 1400
2024 Korea, KHNP Saeul 4 APR1400 1400
2024 Slovakia, SE Mochovce 4 VVER-440 471
2024 Turkey Akkuyu 1 VVER-1200 1200
2024 Turkey Akkuyu 2 VVER-1200 1200
2024 USA, Southern Vogtle 4 AP1000 1250
2024 UAE, ENEC Barakah 4 APR1400 1400
         
2025 China, CGN Taipingling 1 Hualong One 1200
2025 China, Guodian & CNNC Zhangzhou 2 Hualong One 1212
2025 China, SPIC & Huaneng Shidaowan 2 CAP1400 1500
2025 India, NPCIL Kudankulam 3 VVER-1000 1000
2025 India, NPCIL Kudankulam 4 VVER-1000 1000
2025 Russia, Rosenergoatom Kursk II-1 VVER-TOI 1255
2025 Russia, Rosenergoatom Kursk II-2 VVER-TOI 1255
2025 Turkey Akkuyu 3 VVER-1200 1200
         
2026 China, CGN Cangnan/San'ao 1 Hualong One 1150
2026 China, CGN Taipingling 2 Hualong One 1202
2026 China, CNNC Changjiang SMR 1 ACP100 125
2026 China, CNNC Tianwan 7  VVER-1200 1200
2026 China, CNNC Xiapu 2 CFR600 600
2026 China, Huaneng & CNNC Changjiang 3 Hualong One 1200
2026 India, NPCIL Rajasthan 7 PHWR-700 700
2026 India, NPCIL Rajasthan 8 PHWR-700 700
2026 Russia, Rosatom BREST-OD-300 BREST-300 300
2026 Turkey Akkuyu 4 VVER-1200 1200
         
2027 Argentina, CNEA Carem Carem25 29
2027 China, CGN Cangnan/San'ao 2 Hualong One 1150
2027 China, CNNC Sanmen 3 CAP1000 1250
2027 China, CNNC Tianwan 8 VVER-1200 1200
2027 China, CNNC & Datang Xudabao 3 VVER-1200 1200
2027 China, Huaneng & CNNC Changjiang 4 Hualong One 1200
2027 China, SPIC Haiyang 3 CAP1000 1250
2027 China, SPIC Haiyang 4 CAP1000 1250
2027 India, NPCIL Kudankulam 5 VVER-1000 1000
2027 India, NPCIL Kudankulam 6 VVER-1000 1000
         
2028 Iran Bushehr 2 VVER-1000 1057
2028 Brazil, EletrobrĂ¡s Angra 3 Pre-Konvoi 1405
2028 China, CGN Lufeng 5 Hualong One 1200
2028 China, CNNC Sanmen 4 CAP1000 1250
2028 China, CNNC & Datang Xudabao 4 VVER-1200 1200
2028 China, CNNC & Datang Xudabao 1 CAP1000 1250
2028 China, SPIC Lianjiang 1 CAP1000 1250
2028 Egypt, NPPA El Dabaa 1 VVER-1200 1200
         
2029 China, CGN Lufeng 6 Hualong One 1200
2029 UK, EDF Hinkley Point C1 EPR 1720
         
2030 Egypt, NPPA El Dabaa 2 VVER-1200 1200
2030 Egypt, NPPA El Dabaa 3 VVER-1200 1200
2030 Egypt, NPPA El Dabaa 4 VVER-1200 1200
2030 UK, EDF Hinkley Point C2 EPR 1720
         
Suspended Japan, J-Power Ohma 1 ABWR 1383
Suspended Japan, J-Power Shimane 3 ABWR 1373
Suspended Ukraine, Energoatom Khmelnitski 3 VVER-1200 V-392B 1089
Suspended Ukraine, Energoatom Khmelnitski 4 VVER-1200 V-392B 1089

Latest announced/estimated year of grid connection.

Nuclear reactors planned and proposed

About 120 power reactors with a total gross capacity of about 117 GWe are planned, and over 300 more are proposed*. Most reactors currently planned are in countries in Asia, characterized by fast-growing economies and rapidly-rising electricity demand. 

COUNTRY

(Click name for
Country Profile)

REACTORS UNDER CONSTRUCTION

February 2024

REACTORS PLANNED

February 2024

REACTORS PROPOSED

February 2024

No.

MWe gross

No.

MWe gross

No.

MWe gross

Argentina
1
29
1
1150
1
750
Armenia
0
0
0
0
1
1060
Bangladesh
2
2400
0
0
2
2400
Belarus
0
0
0
0
0
0
Belgium
0
0
0
0
0
0
Brazil 
1
1405
0
0
4
4000
Bulgaria
0
0
1
1000
3
3000
Canada
0
0
11
6100
0
0
China
26
29,731
42
46,110
154
175,250
Czech Republic
0
0
1
1200
3
3600
Egypt
4
4800
0
0
0
0
Finland
0
0
0
0
0
0
France
1
1650
0
0
6
9900
Germany
0
0
0
0
0
0
Hungary
0
0
2
2400
0
0
India
8
6700
12
8400
28
32,000
Iran
1
1057
5
6057
5
2760
Japan 
2
2756
1
1385
8
11,562
Jordan
0
0
0
0
1
100
Kazakhstan
0
0
0
0
2
600
Korea RO (South)
2
2680
2
2800
4
6000
Lithuania
0
0
0
0
2
2700
Mexico
0
0
0
0
3
3000
Netherlands
0
0
0
0
2
2000
Pakistan
0
0
1
1170
0
0
Poland
0
0
3
3750
3
3000
Romania
0
0
2
1440
1
720
Russia
3
2810
25
23,525
21
20,100
Saudi Arabia
0
0
0
0
2
2900
Slovakia
1
471
0
0
1
1200
Slovenia
0
0
0
0
1
1000
South Africa
0
0
0
0
8
9600
Spain
0
0
0
0
0
0
Sweden
0
0
2
2500
10
12,500
Switzerland
0
0
0
0
0
0
Turkey
4
4800
0
0
8
9600
Ukraine † ‡
2
1900
0
0
9
11,250
UAE
1
1400
0
0
0
0
United Kingdom
2
3440
2
3340
10
17,000
USA
1
1250
3
2550
18
8000
Uzbekistan 0 0 2 2400 2 2400
WORLD*
62
69,279
118
117,277
323
359,952
 
No.
MWe
No.
MWe
No.
MWe
 
UNDER CONSTRUCTION
PLANNED
PROPOSED

* Planned = Approvals, funding or commitment in place, mostly expected to be in operation within the next 15 years.
Proposed = Specific programme or site proposals; timing very uncertain.

† Under Construction figures include a number of units where construction is currently suspended: Ohma 1 and Shimane 3 (Japan); Khmelnitski 3&4 (Ukraine).


Notes & references

General sources

International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook 2023
World Nuclear Association, World Nuclear Performance Report 2023



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