Germany-nuclear.pngAs of 31 December 2022


Germany's final three reactors – Neckarwestheim 2, Isar 2 and Emsland – were shut down in April 2023.

The three reactors had been due to close at the end of 2022, but the Russia-Ukraine war prompted a reappraisal of this plan. Following a 'stress test' conducted by the country’s power grid transmission operators, in October 2022 it was decided that the reactors were to continue operating until mid-April 2023.

Figure Ge1. Annual electricity output (TWh) and age of reactors (years) at time of generation


Figure Ge2. Average capacity factor of reactors in Germany


Figure Ge3. Emissions avoidance through use of nuclear generation in Germany


Decommissioning permit issued for German reactor : World Nuclear News - 6 April 2023

German cabinet approves extended reactor operations : World Nuclear News - 20 October 2022